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In a recent clinical trial, a 20- minute computerized intervention reduced new mothers' drug abuse in the first 4 months postpartum. The computer software program, which was developed by

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Daily selenium supplements could serve as a useful adjunct therapy for HIV infection by holding HIV-1 viral load in check and elevating levels of infection-fighting CD4 cells. A randomized

Adjusting the frequency of mandatory drug court monitoring sessions according to offenders' risk of lapsing into criminal activity, including drug abuse, can enhance program success rates while conserving resources, according to

NIDA has established four Centers of Excellence for Physician Information to increase physicians' awareness of NIDA-funded research on the medical consequences of drug abuse and addiction and to provide the information

About one in three high school seniors has, in a 2-week period, either driven a vehicle after drinking alcohol or taking illegal drugs or ridden as a passenger with a driver

Studies comparing adolescent and adult rats have added to the evidence that the adolescent brain is particularly vulnerable to nicotine addiction. Dr. Edward D. Levin and colleagues at the Duke University

Men with co-occurring substance abuse and antisocial personality disorders may particularly benefit from judicially mandated addiction treatment. Such legal pressure has been shown to exert a positive effect on treatment retention

NIDA established the Criminal Justice-Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS) project in 2002 to reduce substance abuse and recidivism among offenders following their release from jail or prison. CJ-DATS investigators in nine

Long-term methamphetamine abuse appears to induce lasting impairment to brain cells whose activity underpins a person's ability to attend to significant stimuli and screen out distractions.

In a recent NIDA-funded study,

In a study with rhesus monkeys, Dr. Michael Nader and colleagues at Wake Forest University recently showed that cocaine lowers availability of the dopamine D2 receptors in the basal ganglia—the brain

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, signed into law by President Obama on February 17, aims to restore the Nation to economic health. To establish conditions for lasting